German nuclear energy history: a timeline
Germany's reaction to the nuclear catastrophe in Japan marks a drastic
policy reversal. The first German nuclear reactor went online in 1962.
The last one is now bound to go offline 60 years later.
February 1962: Germany's first nuclear plant starts up in Kahl, southeast of Frankfurt (Main).
1970-71: First anti-nuclear marches and protests take place in Germany.
1999: The Social Democrat-Green coalition government under Chancellor
Gerhard Schröder and the country's four main utilities start
negotiations on a draft nuclear law.
June 2000: Schröder's government and the atomic industry agree on a nuclear consensus, a step-by-step nuclear phaseout by 2021.
2002: The new nuclear legislation takes effect - 16 years after the
Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Nineteen nuclear plants are in operation in
July 2005: Germany ends
all nuclear waste shipments to Britian's Sellafield reprocessing plant
and La Hague in France. Reprocessed nuclear material may only be shipped
back to Germany. There are two interim storage sites, but no permanent
storage site for the waste.
2010: The Christian Democratic-Free Democrat coalition under Chancellor
Angela Merkel approves the extension of the lifespan of Germany's
nuclear reactors by an average of 12 years, with the last one to shut
down in 2036. Germany has 17 nuclear reactors.
2011: Five German federal states led by opposition parties file a
lawsuit against the extension in Germany's Constitutional Court.
2011: The German government temporarily closes the country's seven
oldest nuclear reactors after the earthquake and tsunami hit Japan's
Fukushima plant; a safety probe into German nuclear reactors begins.
2011: The German government agrees to shut all its nuclear reactors by
2022. The eight oldest are to remain permanently shut, another six are
to be taken offline by 2021. The remaining three most modern reactors
are to stay online for another year until 2022.
Compiled by Dagmar Breitenbach
Editor: Nicole Goebel